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[编程题]nginx日志分析4-查询某个IP的详细访问情况
  • 热度指数:255 时间限制:C/C++ 1秒,其他语言2秒 空间限制:C/C++ 32M,其他语言64M
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假设nginx的日志我们存储在nowcoder.txt里,格式如下:
192.168.1.20 - - [21/Apr/2020:14:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [21/Apr/2020:15:27:49 +0800] "GET /2/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [21/Apr/2020:21:27:49 +0800] "GET /3/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.23 - - [21/Apr/2020:22:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.24 - - [22/Apr/2020:15:27:49 +0800] "GET /2/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.25 - - [22/Apr/2020:15:26:49 +0800] "GET /3/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.20 - - [23/Apr/2020:08:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [23/Apr/2020:09:20:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:10:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:10:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.20 - - [23/Apr/2020:14:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [23/Apr/2020:15:27:49 +0800] "GET /2/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:15:27:49 +0800] "GET /3/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.25 - - [23/Apr/2020:16:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.24 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /2/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.25 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /3/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.20 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:22:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [23/Apr/2020:23:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
现在需要你查询192.168.1.22的详细访问情况,按访问频率降序排序。你的脚本应该输出
4 /1/index.php
2 /3/index.php

shell
declare -A map
while read line
    do
        tmp=($line)
        [ ${tmp[0]} == "192.168.1.22" ] && ((map["${tmp[6]}"]++))
    done < nowcoder.txt
function InsertSort(){
	tmp=()
	for ve in ${map[*]}
	    do
	        tmp[${#tmp[*]}]=$ve
	        printf "${tmp[${#tmp[*]}]}"
	    done
	q=${#tmp[*]}
	for ((i=0;i<$q;i++))
	    do
	        for ((j=$i+1;j<$q;j++))
	            do
	                if [ ${tmp[$i]} -lt ${tmp[$j]} ];then
	                    t=${tmp[$i]}
	                    tmp[$i]=${tmp[$j]}
	                    tmp[$j]=$t
	                fi
	            done
	    done
}
InsertSort
for ((i=0; i<$q; i++))
    do
        for ve in ${!map[*]}
            do
                if [ ${tmp[$i]} -eq ${map[$ve]} ];then
                    echo "${map[$ve]} $ve"
                fi
            done
    done
awk
awk '{
    if ($1 == "192.168.1.22") {
        a[$7]++
    }
} END {
    for (i in a){
        printf("%d %s\n",a[i], i)
    }
}' | sort -r



发表于 2021-11-26 11:08:58 回复(0)
awk '/192.168.1.22/{print $7}' 2.log | sort | uniq -c | sort -r | awk '{print $1,$2}'
发表于 2021-12-03 14:50:44 回复(0)
awk -F " " '{print $1" "$7}'|grep 22|sort|uniq -c|awk '{print $1" "$3}'
发表于 2021-11-26 09:07:05 回复(0)
cat nowcoder.txt | grep -w 192.168.1.22 | awk '{print $7}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | awk '{print $1" "$2}'
发表于 2021-11-24 14:25:03 回复(0)