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[编程题]nginx日志分析2-统计某个时间段的IP
  • 热度指数:280 时间限制:C/C++ 1秒,其他语言2秒 空间限制:C/C++ 32M,其他语言64M
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假设nginx的日志我们存储在nowcoder.txt里,格式如下:
192.168.1.20 - - [21/Apr/2020:14:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [21/Apr/2020:15:27:49 +0800] "GET /2/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [21/Apr/2020:21:27:49 +0800] "GET /3/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.23 - - [21/Apr/2020:22:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.24 - - [22/Apr/2020:15:27:49 +0800] "GET /2/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.25 - - [22/Apr/2020:15:26:49 +0800] "GET /3/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.20 - - [23/Apr/2020:08:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [23/Apr/2020:09:20:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:10:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:10:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.20 - - [23/Apr/2020:14:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [23/Apr/2020:15:27:49 +0800] "GET /2/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:15:27:49 +0800] "GET /3/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.25 - - [23/Apr/2020:16:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.24 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /2/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.25 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /3/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.20 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:20:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.22 - - [23/Apr/2020:22:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
192.168.1.21 - - [23/Apr/2020:23:27:49 +0800] "GET /1/index.php HTTP/1.1" 404 490 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0"
现在你需要统计2020年04月23日20-23点的去重IP访问量,你的脚本应该输出
5
shell
declare -A map
while read line
    do
        a=($line)
        [[ ${a[3]} =~ 23/Apr/2020:2[0-2] ]] && ((map["${a[0]}"]++))
    done < nowcoder.txt
printf "${#map[*]}"
awk
awk '{
    if ($0 ~ /23\/Apr\/2020:2[0-2]/) {
        a[$1]=0
    }
} END {
    print(length(a))
}'



发表于 2021-11-25 13:19:03 回复(0)
grep "23/Apr/2020" | cut -c '-12' | sort -u | wc -l
发表于 今天 17:49:01 回复(0)
grep "23/Apr/2020:2[0-3]" nowcoder.txt | awk '{print $1}' | sort | uniq | wc -l
发表于 2021-12-03 14:34:24 回复(0)
gawk '$4~ /23\/Apr\/2020:2[0-2]/ {print $1}  ' nowcoder.txt | sort | uniq | wc -l
发表于 2021-11-26 13:56:12 回复(0)

grep -E "23/Apr/2020:2[0-2]"|awk '{print $1}'|uniq|wc -l

发表于 2021-11-25 14:55:04 回复(0)