<span>SSM框架整合</span>

SSM框架整合

环境搭建:

  • IDEA
  • Tomcat 9.0.44
  • JDK14
  • Maven 3.6
  • MySql 8.0.22

要求:熟练掌握MySql数据库,Spring、JavaWeb以及MyBtais知识,简单的前端知识

1 运行SQL语句,创建表

CREATE DATABASE `ssmbuild`;

USE `ssmbuild`;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `books`;

CREATE TABLE `books` (
`bookID` INT(10) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '书id',
`bookName` VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL COMMENT '书名',
`bookCounts` INT(11) NOT NULL COMMENT '数量',
`detail` VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL COMMENT '描述',
KEY `bookID` (`bookID`)
) ENGINE=INNODB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

INSERT  INTO `books`(`bookID`,`bookName`,`bookCounts`,`detail`)VALUES
(1,'Java',1,'从入门到放弃'),
(2,'MySQL',10,'从删库到跑路'),
(3,'Linux',5,'从进门到进牢');

1、过滤静态资源

<build>
        <resources>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/java</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.properties</include>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                </includes>
                <filtering>false</filtering>
            </resource>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/resources</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.properties</include>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                </includes>
                <filtering>false</filtering>
            </resource>
        </resources>
    </build>

2 导入依赖

<dependencies>
   <!--Junit-->
   <dependency>
       <groupId>junit</groupId>
       <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
       <version>4.12</version>
   </dependency>
   <!--数据库驱动-->
   <dependency>
       <groupId>mysql</groupId>
       <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
       <version>5.1.47</version>
   </dependency>
   <!-- 数据库连接池 -->
   <dependency>
       <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
       <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
       <version>0.9.5.2</version>
   </dependency>

   <!--Servlet - JSP -->
   <dependency>
       <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
       <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
       <version>2.5</version>
   </dependency>
   <dependency>
       <groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
       <artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
       <version>2.2</version>
   </dependency>
   <dependency>
       <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
       <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
       <version>1.2</version>
   </dependency>

   <!--Mybatis-->
   <dependency>
       <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
       <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
       <version>3.5.2</version>
   </dependency>
   <dependency>
       <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
       <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
       <version>2.0.2</version>
   </dependency>

   <!--Spring-->
   <dependency>
       <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
       <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
       <version>5.1.9.RELEASE</version>
   </dependency>
   <dependency>
       <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
       <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
       <version>5.1.9.RELEASE</version>
   </dependency>
</dependencies>

3、建立基本项目架构和配置架构

  • com.yu.pojo
  • com.yu.dao
  • com.yu.service
  • com.yu.controller
  • mybatis-config.xml
  • applicationContext.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
       PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
       "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>

</configuration>
================================================================================
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
      xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

</beans>

2 Mybatis层编写

1、数据库配置文件 database.properties

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssmbuild?useSSL=true&useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=123456

2、IDEA关联数据库

3、编写MyBatis的核心配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
       PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
       "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
   
   <typeAliases>
       <package name="com.kuang.pojo"/>
   </typeAliases
   <!--注册-->
   <mappers>
       <mapper resource="com/kuang/dao/BookMapper.xml"/>
   </mappers>

</configuration>

4、编写数据库对应的实体类 com.yu.pojo.Books

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Books {   
   private int bookID;
   private String bookName;
   private int bookCounts;
   private String detail;  
}

5、编写Dao层的 Mapper接口!

public interface BookMapper {

   //增加一个Book
   int addBook(Books book);

   //根据id删除一个Book
   int deleteBookById(int id);

   //更新Book
   int updateBook(Books books);

   //根据id查询,返回一个Book
   Books queryBookById(int id);

   //查询全部Book,返回list集合
   List<Books> queryAllBook();

}

6、编写接口对应的 BookMapper.xml 文件。需要导入MyBatis的包;

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
       PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
       "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">

<mapper namespace="com.kuang.dao.BookMapper">

   <!--增加一个Book-->
   <insert id="addBook" parameterType="Books">
      insert into ssmbuild.books(bookName,bookCounts,detail)
      values (#{bookName}, #{bookCounts}, #{detail})
   </insert>

   <!--根据id删除一个Book-->
   <delete id="deleteBookById" parameterType="int">
      delete from ssmbuild.books where bookID=#{bookID}
   </delete>

   <!--更新Book-->
   <update id="updateBook" parameterType="Books">
      update ssmbuild.books
      set bookName = #{bookName},bookCounts = #{bookCounts},detail = #{detail}
      where bookID = #{bookID}
   </update>

   <!--根据id查询,返回一个Book-->
   <select id="queryBookById" resultType="Books">
      select * from ssmbuild.books
      where bookID = #{bookID}
   </select>

   <!--查询全部Book-->
   <select id="queryAllBook" resultType="Books">
      SELECT * from ssmbuild.books
   </select>

</mapper>

7、编写Service层的接口和实现类

//BookService:底下需要去实现,调用dao层
public interface BookService {
   //增加一个Book
   int addBook(Books book);
   //根据id删除一个Book
   int deleteBookById(int id);
   //更新Book
   int updateBook(Books books);
   //根据id查询,返回一个Book
   Books queryBookById(int id);
   //查询全部Book,返回list集合
   List<Books> queryAllBook();
}

实现类:

public class BookServiceImpl implements BookService {

   //调用dao层的操作,设置一个set接口,方便Spring管理
   private BookMapper bookMapper;
   public void setBookMapper(BookMapper bookMapper) {
       this.bookMapper = bookMapper;
  }
   
   public int addBook(Books book) {
       return bookMapper.addBook(book);
  }
   
   public int deleteBookById(int id) {
       return bookMapper.deleteBookById(id);
  }
   
   public int updateBook(Books books) {
       return bookMapper.updateBook(books);
  }
   
   public Books queryBookById(int id) {
       return bookMapper.queryBookById(id);
  }
   
   public List<Books> queryAllBook() {
       return bookMapper.queryAllBook();
  }
}

3 Spring层

1、配置Spring整合MyBatis,我们这里数据源使用c3p0连接池;

2、我们去编写Spring整合Mybatis的相关的配置文件;spring-dao.xml
dao层配置文件主要做数据库相关的配置:
1 整合dao层,连接数据库
2 设置数据库连接池
3 配置SqlSessionFactory对象
4 配置扫描Dao接口包,动态实现dao接口,注入到spring容器中

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
      xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
      xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

   <!-- 配置整合mybatis -->
   <!-- 1.关联数据库文件 -->
   <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:database.properties"/>

   <!-- 2.数据库连接池 -->
   <!--数据库连接池
       dbcp 半自动化操作 不能自动连接
       c3p0 自动化操作(自动的加载配置文件 并且设置到对象里面)
   -->
   <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
       <!-- 配置连接池属性 -->
       <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
       <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
       <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
       <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>

       <!-- c3p0连接池的私有属性 -->
       <property name="maxPoolSize" value="30"/>
       <property name="minPoolSize" value="10"/>
       <!-- 关闭连接后不自动commit -->
       <property name="autoCommitOnClose" value="false"/>
       <!-- 获取连接超时时间 -->
       <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="10000"/>
       <!-- 当获取连接失败重试次数 -->
       <property name="acquireRetryAttempts" value="2"/>
   </bean>

   <!-- 3.配置SqlSessionFactory对象 -->
   <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
       <!-- 注入数据库连接池 -->
       <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
       <!-- 配置MyBaties全局配置文件:mybatis-config.xml -->
       <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"/>
   </bean>

   <!-- 4.配置扫描Dao接口包,动态实现Dao接口注入到spring容器中 -->
   <!--解释 :https://www.cnblogs.com/jpfss/p/7799806.html-->
   <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
       <!-- 注入sqlSessionFactory -->
       <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"/>
       <!-- 给出需要扫描Dao接口包 -->
       <property name="basePackage" value="com.kuang.dao"/>
   </bean>

</beans>

3、Spring整合service层 spring-service.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
      xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
      xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

   <!-- 扫描service相关的bean -->
   <context:component-scan base-package="com.kuang.service" />

   <!--BookServiceImpl注入到IOC容器中-->
   <bean id="BookServiceImpl" class="com.kuang.service.BookServiceImpl">
       <property name="bookMapper" ref="bookMapper"/>
   </bean>

   <!-- 配置事务管理器 -->
   <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
       <!-- 注入数据库连接池 -->
       <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
   </bean>

</beans>

在applicationConfig.xml中整合

<import resource="classpath:spring-dao.xml"/>
<import resource="classpath:spring-service.xml"/>
<import resource="classpath:spring-mvc.xml"/>

4 SpringMVC层

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_4_0.xsd"
        version="4.0">

   <!--DispatcherServlet-->
   <servlet>
       <servlet-name>DispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
       <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
       <init-param>
           <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
           <!--一定要注意:我们这里加载的是总的配置文件,之前被这里坑了!-->  
           <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
       </init-param>
       <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
   </servlet>
   <servlet-mapping>
       <servlet-name>DispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
       <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
   </servlet-mapping>

   <!--encodingFilter-->
   <filter>
       <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
       <filter-class>
          org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter
       </filter-class>
       <init-param>
           <param-name>encoding</param-name>
           <param-value>utf-8</param-value>
       </init-param>
   </filter>
   <filter-mapping>
       <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
       <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
   </filter-mapping>
   
   <!--Session过期时间-->
   <session-config>
       <session-timeout>15</session-timeout>
   </session-config>
   
</web-app>

spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
      xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
      xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
      xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
   https://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">

   <!-- 配置SpringMVC -->
   <!-- 1.开启SpringMVC注解驱动 -->
   <mvc:annotation-driven />
   <!-- 2.静态资源默认servlet配置-->
   <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

   <!-- 3.配置jsp 显示ViewResolver视图解析器 -->
   <!-- 如果有相同子路径的多个.jsp可能要进行跳转,就可以用视图解析器将共同部分的子路径提出来,简化书写。 -->
   <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
       <property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView" />
       <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/" />
       <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
   </bean>

   <!-- 4.扫描web相关的bean -->
   <context:component-scan base-package="com.kuang.controller" />

</beans>

5 配置文件,暂时结束!

6 Controller 和 视图层

1、BookController 类编写 , 方法一:查询全部书籍

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/book")
public class BookController {

   @Autowired
   @Qualifier("BookServiceImpl")
   private BookService bookService;

   @RequestMapping("/allBook")
   public String list(Model model) {
       List<Books> list = bookService.queryAllBook();
       model.addAttribute("list", list);
       return "allBook";
  }
}

2、编写首页 index.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
   <title>首页</title>
   <style type="text/css">
       a {
           text-decoration: none;
           color: black;
           font-size: 18px;
      }
       h3 {
           width: 180px;
           height: 38px;
           margin: 100px auto;
           text-align: center;
           line-height: 38px;
           background: deepskyblue;
           border-radius: 4px;
      }
   </style>
</head>
<body>

<h3>
    <%--    ${pageContext.request.contextPath}                          --%>
    <%--    用于解决使用相对路径时出现的问题,它的作用是取出所部署项目的名字。--%>
   <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/allBook">点击进入列表页</a>
</h3>
</body>
</html>

3、书籍列表页面 allBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
   <title>书籍列表</title>
   <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
   <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
   <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>

<div class="container">

   <div class="row clearfix">
       <div class="col-md-12 column">
           <div class="page-header">
               <h1>
                   <small>书籍列表 —— 显示所有书籍</small>
               </h1>
           </div>
       </div>
   </div>

   <div class="row">
       <div class="col-md-4 column">
           <a class="btn btn-primary" href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/toAddBook">新增</a>
       </div>
   </div>

   <div class="row clearfix">
       <div class="col-md-12 column">
           <table class="table table-hover table-striped">
               <thead>
               <tr>
                   <th>书籍编号</th>
                   <th>书籍名字</th>
                   <th>书籍数量</th>
                   <th>书籍详情</th>
                   <th>操作</th>
               </tr>
               </thead>

               <tbody>
               <c:forEach var="book" items="${list}">
                   <tr>
                       <td>${book.getBookID()}</td>
                       <td>${book.getBookName()}</td>
                       <td>${book.getBookCounts()}</td>
                       <td>${book.getDetail()}</td>
                       <td>
                           <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/toUpdateBook?id=${book.getBookID()}">更改</a> |
                           <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/del/${book.getBookID()}">删除</a>
                       </td>
                   </tr>
               </c:forEach>
               </tbody>
           </table>
       </div>
   </div>
</div>

4、BookController 类编写 , 方法二:添加书籍

@RequestMapping("/toAddBook")
public String toAddPaper() {
   return "addBook";
}

@RequestMapping("/addBook")
public String addPaper(Books books) {
   System.out.println(books);
   bookService.addBook(books);
   return "redirect:/book/allBook";
}

5、添加书籍页面:addBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>

<html>
<head>
   <title>新增书籍</title>
   <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
   <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
   <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">

   <div class="row clearfix">
       <div class="col-md-12 column">
           <div class="page-header">
               <h1>
                   <small>新增书籍</small>
               </h1>
           </div>
       </div>
   </div>
   <form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/addBook" method="post">
      书籍名称:<input type="text" name="bookName"><br><br><br>
      书籍数量:<input type="text" name="bookCounts"><br><br><br>
      书籍详情:<input type="text" name="detail"><br><br><br>
       <input type="submit" value="添加">
   </form>

</div>

6、BookController 类编写 , 方法三:修改书籍

    //修改
    @RequestMapping("/toUpdateBook")
    public String toUpdateBook(Model model, int id) {
        Books books = bookService.queryBookById(id);
        System.out.println(books);
        model.addAttribute("book",books );
        return "updateBook";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/updateBook")
    public String updateBook(Model model, Books book) {
        System.out.println(book);
        bookService.updateBook(book);
        Books books = bookService.queryBookById(book.getBookID());
        model.addAttribute("books", books);
        return "redirect:/book/allBook";
    }

7、修改书籍页面 updateBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
   <title>修改信息</title>
   <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
   <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
   <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">

   <div class="row clearfix">
       <div class="col-md-12 column">
           <div class="page-header">
               <h1>
                   <small>修改信息</small>
               </h1>
           </div>
       </div>
   </div>

   <form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/updateBook" method="post">
       <input type="hidden" name="bookID" value="${book.getBookID()}"/>
      书籍名称:<input type="text" name="bookName" value="${book.getBookName()}"/>
      书籍数量:<input type="text" name="bookCounts" value="${book.getBookCounts()}"/>
      书籍详情:<input type="text" name="detail" value="${book.getDetail() }"/>
       <input type="submit" value="提交"/>
   </form>

</div>

8、BookController 类编写 , 方法四:删除书籍

@PathVariable 可以将 URL 中占位符参数绑定到控制器处理方法的入参中:URL 中的 {xxx} 占位符可以通过

@RequestMapping("/del/{bookId}")
public String deleteBook(@PathVariable("bookId") int id) {
   bookService.deleteBookById(id);
   return "redirect:/book/allBook";
}

7 添加模糊查询方法

1、BookMapper中新增查询方法

    //名字模糊查询
    List<Books> queryBookName(@Param("bookName") String bookName);

2、BookMapper.xml中新增

<select id="queryBookName"  resultType="com.yu.pojo.Books">
    select * from ssmbuild.books
    where bookName like concat('%',#{bookName},'%')
</select>

3、service层

//名字查询
@Override
public List<Books> queryBookName(String bookName) {
    return bookMapper.queryBookName(bookName);
}

4、在BookController类中,编写根据图书名称模糊查询的方法

queryBookName(Model model,String queryBookName)

参数位置不能颠倒

//书名模糊查询
@RequestMapping("/queryBookName")
public String queryBookName(Model model,String queryBookName) {
    System.out.println(queryBookName);//前端数据传不过来
    //调用查询方法(模糊查询)
    List<Books> list = bookService.queryBookName(queryBookName);
    for (Books books : list) {
        System.out.println(books);
    }
    //判断是否查询到内容
    if (list.isEmpty()) {
        model.addAttribute("error", "未查询到数据");
        return "allBook";
    }

    //添加数据
    model.addAttribute("list", list);
    return "allBook";
}

5、在allBook.jsp页面中,新增根据图书名称查询的模块

<%-- 根据名称搜索书籍 --%>
<div class="col-md-4 column">
    <form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/queryBookName" method="post" class="form-inline">
        <span colspan="5" style="text-align: center;">${error}</span>
        <input type="text" name="queryBookName" >
        <input type="submit" value="搜索">
    </form>
</div>

注意!此信息未认证,请谨慎判断信息的真实性!

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